Saint Ann, (capital, Saint
Ann’s Bay) is the largest parish in Jamaica. It is
situated on the north coast of the island, in the
county of Middlesex, roughly halfway between the
eastern and western ends of the island. It is often
called 'the Garden Parish of Jamaica' on account of
its natural beauty. Saint Ann is the birthplace of
reggae singers Burning Spear and the honorable Bob
Marley (d. 1981), and The Right Excellent Marcus
Mosiah Garvey (d. 1940), one of Jamaica's seven
St. Ann is one of the oldest
populated areas in the island of Jamaica tracing
back to 600 - 650 A.D.
Fern Gully: Close to Ocho Rios on the road
to Moneague is a three mile long road through a
canyon that was an old river bed. In about 1880
it was planted with about 200 species of fern.
It still remains attractive with banks of ferns
and other plants forming a canopy. Fern Gully is
a National Park.
- Marcus Garvey's
Birthplace and Statue is located in the
capital of the parish at thee St Ann's Parish
Library. Through his skill as an orator and his
newspaper Negro World, Marcus Garvey
became one of the most influential black leaders
of his time. Born and raised in Jamaica, Garvey
travelled in Central and South America, then
moved to England to continue his education. In
1914 he started the Universal Negro Improvement
Association and began advocating worldwide black
unity and an end to colonialism. In 1916 he
moved to the United States and started a
steamship company, the Black Star Line, a
business venture as well as part of his "back to
Africa" plan for Americans of African descent.
In 1925 he was jailed after being convicted of
mail fraud, but his sentence was reduced and he
was deported to Jamaica two years later. Garvey
eventually moved back to London, England, where
he died in 1940. His body was returned to
Jamaica in 1964.
- Columbus Park
This is situated to the west of Discovery Bay on
the Queens Highway. It commemorates Columbus'
visits to the island and operates as an open-air
museum with sketches of Jamaican history. Kaiser
funded its development.
Runaway Caves are popular tourist
attractions located about 3.2 kilometers east of
Discovery Bay. It is the entrance to the system
of caves and tunnels that extend for over 9.6
kilometers. A lake, 120 feet down is called
Green Grotto. Boat trips can be taken on the
lake which is clear enough for stalactites to be
seen growing from the bottom. Drawings have been
left on the walls by Tainos and it is believed
that the Spaniards and pirates used these caves
probably as escape routes.
The Seville Great House This
area represents the main stages in the
development of Jamaica under the Europeans -
Spanish and English. The Great House was built
in 1745 on the site of the original Great House
by the grandson of Richard Hemmings, the first
English owner of the property. Over the years
many changes have been made to the original
structure. When the last owner died he arranged
for the property to be given to the Government
of Jamaica. It is now a museum owned by the
Jamaica National Trust Commission. It explores
the rich history of the Seville site.
- Edinburgh Castle:
This is the ruins of a two-storey fortified
house with two towers at diagonal corners. This
'castle' was built by a notorious Scotsman,
who had settled in Jamaica. According to some
apocryphal stories, his hobby was to shoot his
departing guests from a loophole in the tower,
and rifle the body of valuables. It is believed
that he threw the corpses down a deep sinkhole
nearby. After attempting to kill a neighboring
planter, he was caught while attempting to flee
the island. He was then tried, convicted, and
hanged at the yardarm in Kingston, in March
1773. No skeletons have been found, however 43
watches (possibly belonging to his 'guests')
were located. The eponymous "Hutchinson's Hole"
claimed its latest victim in the autumn of 2003,
when Carlton Rose, a resident of the district,
committed suicide by leaping into the 325ft deep
pit (the exact manner of his entry into the hole
is somewhat disputed). Despite early efforts by
the Fire Dept, the body was not recovered until
three months had passed, when members of the
Jamaican Caves Organization, led by RS Stewart,
descended into the hole at the request of family
members and retrieved the by then
highly-decomposed corpse. Two descents were
accomplished in aid of this, and these rank as
only the second and third visits, with the one
previous entry having been made by the Jamaican
Caving Club, and cavers from Bristol U, in 1976.
A partial descent was made in 1895 by Governor
Sir Henry Blake, who was lowered on a rope. The
story figured prominently in the Jamaican media,
and a subsequent Press Release was issued by the
JCO (found under External links below) to bring
clarity to their involvement in the matter.
Dunn's River Falls: The unique thing about
Dunn’s River falls is that the falls is at the
mouth of the spring; right before it enters the
sea. It is possible to travel up the 600 ft
falls in groups holding hands for safety. It is
one of Jamaica's most popular attractions.
Bob Marley Mausoleum This is at Nine Mile,
the birthplace and burial site of Bob Marley.
The site is run by the Bob Marley Foundation and
some of the funds generated is used to improve
community facilities and advance community
development at Nine Mile.